Propolis: an antibiotic effective hive product 2021
Propolis: an antibiotic effective hive product my favorite among hive products is propolis; A resin-like substance prepared by worker bees by collecting from the growing parts of trees and bushes, storing them on their hind legs and mixing them with beeswax in the hive. It is used for the repair of damages and cracks in the hive and to protect the hives. After filling the combs in the hive with honey, it covers the hive with propolis in order to protect it from external factors (air oxygen, rain, water, etc.), microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses) and other pests (insects).
Propolis has been used for a variety of purposes, including treatment, since ancient times. Scientific studies have shown that it has a healing effect on inflammatory diseases, ulcers, burns and strengthens the immune system. The most striking aspect is its antibiotic feature; It has been shown to be effective on bacterial, fungal and viral infections. As a matter of fact, it is seen that propolis is included in the prescriptions prepared for the treatment of mouth and throat infections and the prevention of dental caries in the records from the 12th century.
Today, we see that it is added to toothpastes to prevent tooth decay. In addition, it is useful in throat infections in the form of throat gargles or lozenges. Although propolis products are known to be effective locally on the mouth and throat mucosa, recently drinkable products such as syrup or granules carrying propolis have been marketed to protect against colds.
EFFECT ON COMPONENTS
I guess it is no longer necessary to state that these beneficial effects of propolis are again due to the antioxidant-effective components that bees collect from plants. Studies show that the effect on bacteria is due to the content of pinosembrin, galangin, caffeic acid and ferulic acid, its effect on viruses is due to caffeic acid, luteolin and quercetin, and its effect on fungi is due to pinosembrine, pinobanxin, caffeic acid, benzyl ester, sacuretin and pterostilbene. has been put. As you can see, caffeic acid stands out as the most effective component.
For this reason, the amount of caffeic acid is evaluated in the analysis of propolis samples. By the way, I would like to draw your attention to one point; Since propolis is expensive, I am not sure if there is enough propolis in the products marketed as propolis in the market. Is there any propolis, is it enough? Don’t mix it up! An important note; Pure propolis is irritating, so it must be diluted before use.
Royal jelly, another product of the hive, is a liquid secreted by the guts on both sides of the head of the worker bee. The hatched larvae are fed with royal jelly for the first 3-4 days and grow rapidly and reach a thousand times their weight. The larvae in the queen bee eyes, on the other hand, are differentiated by feeding royal jelly for a while and form the queen bee.
STERILITY IS VERY IMPORTANT
Since its nutritive properties are much higher than honey, it is a valuable product and it is collected from the hive and marketed. For this purpose, suction is performed either manually using a spatula or with a vacuum. However, since royal jelly is an extremely suitable environment for the development of microorganisms, it is necessary to pay attention to sterility (sterility) in the tools and containers used.
150-250 grams of royal jelly can be obtained in a year from a hive. The composition of royal jelly is also similar to other hive products, meaning it is rich in polysaccharides, proteins, vitamins, amino acids and antioxidant compounds. It has a dark consistency, special odor and white color, and its color becomes brown by oxidizing with air. Its effect decreases significantly during holding due to its not durable nature.
It is generally marketed by mixing it with 1 percent honey. What I am most curious about is how such a perishable product was marketed on store shelves at room temperature or under the sun!
Since honey and hive products are rich in pollen, it is beneficial to be careful in people with pollen allergy. In fact, in some sources, it is stated that honey ‘desensitizes’ allergic people, that is, it desensitizes them against allergy factors and functions like a kind of vaccine.
The most important point to be considered regarding honey and beehive products is that the honey and products used are ‘real’ and ‘pure’. You know, it has become difficult to find real honey in the market; sometimes they put sugar water next to ready-made honeycombs made of wax and sell it as honey. Bees take ready-made sugar water and make enzymatic changes to create a product similar to honey.
In this case, since there is no “pollen and nectar” in plants, honey and hive products will not have any antioxidant effect and therefore will not be beneficial. Sometimes, they don’t even bother to give sugar water to the bees, and they physically inversion them by burning the sugar and caramelize it and sell it as honey by diluting it.