History of Tea 2021
When we talk about tea, it is said that we did not know about tea until 150 years ago. True, but our ancestors knew tea before coming to Anatolia. It was also a plant prayed by Hodja Ahmed Yesevi.
One day Hazret was a host to a Turkmen’s house. He was very tired. When he drank the offered hot tea, his tiredness disappeared. He prayed to heal the sick and to find prevalence until Doomsday.
Our ancestors forgot the tea with prayer from Hodja Ahmed Yesevi when they came to Anatolia. In the nineteenth century, they began to rediscover and plant. Modern tea agriculture was made after the Republic.
Until the nineteenth century, coffee was at the center of the table. As a medicinal plant in the sixteenth century; The cultivation of tea, which entered the tables as a beverage after the Tanzimat, began during the reign of Sultan Abdulhamid II. It was in the late 1870s when Artvin people who went to Russia to work returned with a tea tree. Trabzon Governor Yusuf Pasha ensured that the tax imposed by the state was abolished.
The Sultan gave importance to the production of tea and closely followed all kinds of developments on the subject. In 1896, Yusuf from Bukhara collected the tea leaves grown in Trabzon from the tree while they were still in young shoots and processed it and obtained white tea.
He gave a pack of tea to the Sultan. Satisfied with this, the Sultan examined the tea planting in Trabzon and its surroundings. He also summoned the Dutchman Hobbis, who wrote a book about tea and coffee agriculture, to the palace and complimented him.
Although tea cultivation trials were made in regions other than the Eastern Black Sea region, it failed. Since the saplings brought from the Far East were planted in provinces where the climate was not suitable, yield could not be obtained. It was even tried in Istanbul. Tea cultivation did not develop due to both the haphazard trials and the wars.
Eastern Black Sea, the Black Sea Rizeli Hulûsi lawyer, Ali Riza Ertan Ring of Agriculture School teacher and the founder of modern çaycılıg in Turkey, agricultural engineer came to mind Deep in the way of tea appeared. The theoretical and practical studies of Hulûsi Karadeniz and Ali Rıza Erten inspired Zihni Derin. Derin was born in Muğla in 1880 and graduated from Selánik Agricultural School.
He made his first tea cultivation experiments as early as 1909 at the Selánik Agricultural School. He worked in many parts of the empire. He came to Ankara at the beginning of the War of Independence and in 1920 he became General Director of Agriculture. He worked for the cultivation of tea in modern and scientific methods. Kânûn took it out.
Deep Mind, died in 1965 when tea cultivation was still settled in Turkey. The Eastern Black Sea Region had become a complete tea area. Tea is an essential part of our daily life. Our country ranks first in tea consumption. Visiting the grave is like visiting the grave or visiting without tea. But, not necessarily chat. How beautiful our ancestors expressed this:
Es-chat-i bilâ tea
Cut the sema-i bilâ ay (Chat without tea is like a sky without moon)
The emergence of tea and its arrival in Europe is as follows:
Thousands of years ago, the Chinese Emperor Sheu Nung, feeling tired during a journey, boils water under a tree. A few leaves drop from the tree into the hot water and give the water a pleasant taste. The reign of tea begins with the emperor’s appreciation of this taste. According to a Japanese legend, Budsit Dharma, who sees sleep as a weakness in the Buddhist Darma, cuts off the eyelids to eliminate this weakness.
A plant emerges from the eyelids that fall into the ground. This herb is good for insomnia. Tea, which was previously consumed as a medicinal plant, becomes a daily drink in the centuries after Christ. Its main spread was due to its high consumption among poets and artists during the Tang Dynasty.
THREE BAGS OF CHINESE TEA IN ONE SACK
Tea spread around the world under the name of Chinese tea. Europe was named after tea for the first time in 1559 in the work “Navigationi et Viaggi” (Sea and Land Voyages) by the Venetian traveler Gian Battista Rammusio; He learned what tea is from a book written by the Portuguese Jesuit priest Jasper de Cruz in 1560.
His arrival in Europe was thanks to the Dutch in 1606. The Dutch traders, who thought that sage would spread to Asia and open a new trade door, exchanged the sage they took to Java Island and the tea the Chinese brought to the island. Chinese tea overwhelmed sage and invaded Europe. When the British discovered the tea, they began to exploit South India.